The Person and Religious Poetry in Malay

  • Harry Aveling La Trobe University, Australia

Abstract

Accepting that there is a close connection between religion and poetry, the paper focuses on the person that is presented in poetry in Malay in response to the Divine. The concept of "the person" used contains three elements: (a) the human identity - our common physiological and psychological qualities; (b) the social identity - arising from our membership in the various groups that make up our particular society; and, (c) the self - the unique personal sense of who I am. It argues that the person in Malay religious poetry is largely a "social identity" the self surrendered to God through membership in the Muslim community.


Keywords: religious poetry, person, human identity, social identity, the individual self

Author Biography

Harry Aveling, La Trobe University, Australia

Adjunct Professor, Asian Studies

References

Abdul Ghafar Ibrahim, 1973. Tan Sri Bulan. Semenyih: Emporium Budak Tua.

Abdul Ghafar Ibrahim, 1978. Tak Tun. Kuala Lumpur: Utusan.

Abdul Ghafar Ibrahim, 2008. Takkan Hilang/ Never Vanish. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.

Abdullah Yusuf Ali, 1990. An English Interpretation of the Holy Quran. Lahore: Ashraf Publishers.

Amir Hamzah, 1937/ 1963. Nyanyi Sunyi. Kuala Lumpur: Bi-Karya.

Aveling, Harry (ed.), 1988. "Translating Malay Poetry: Kemala", in A Sense of Exile: Essays in the Literature of the Asia-Pacific Region. Bruce Bennett. Perth: Centre for Studies in Australian Literature, University of Western Australia, 211-222.

Danarto, 1989. "A Javanese Pilgrim in Mecca". Translated by Harry Aveling. Clayton: Working Paper 58, Centre of Southeast Asian Studies, Monash University.

Drewes, G.W.J. and L. Brakel, 1986. The Poems of Hamzah Fansuri. Dordrecht: Foris Publications.

Isa Kamari, 2002. Tawassul. Singapore: Pustaka Nasional. English translation, Intercession by Sukmawati Sirat. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish.

Isa Kamari, 2006. Ka'bah: 33 Puisi Tanah Suci. Kuala Lumpur: Al-Ameen Serve Holdings.

Isa Kamari, 2006. Lorong Wahyu: 33 Puisi Tanah Suci. Kuala Lumpur: Al-Ameen Serve Holdings.

Isa Kamari, 2006. Cinta Arafat: 33 Puisi Tanah Suci. Kuala Lumpur: Al-Ameen Serve Holdings.

Isa Kamari, 2007. Memeluk Gerhana. Kuala Lumpur: Al-Ameen Serve Holdings

Isa Kamari, 2009. Rawa: Tragedi Pulau Batu Puteh, Kuala Lumpur: Ameen Kreatif.

Isa Kamari, 2011. Duka Tuan Bertakhta. Kuala Lumpur: Al-Ameen Serve Holdings.

Isa Kamari, 2013. A Song of the Wind. Translated by by Sukmawati Sirat and R. Krishnan. Kuala Lumpur: Silverfish.

Isa Kamari, 2013. Rawa. Translated by R. Krishnan. Kuala Lumpur: Silverfish.

Isa Kamari, 2013.1819. Translated by R. Krishnan. Kuala Lumpur: Silverfish.

Isa Kamari, 2014. Selendang Sukma. Kuala Lumpur: ITBM.

Isa Kamari (unpublished), "Penantian Munajat". Roh Sukma.

Kemala, 1986. Meditation and Other Poems. Translated by Harry Aveling et al. Kuala Lumpur: Singamal Publications.

Kemala, 2010. 'Ayn: Poems of Faith. Translated by Harry Aveling. Kuala Lumpur: Institut Terjemahan Negara Malaysia.

Kemala, 2012. Kumpulan Puisi Pilihan Kemala. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.

Kintanar, Thelma, 1988. Self and Society in Southeast Asian Fiction. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.

Mohd. Affandi Hassan, Ungku Maimunah Mohd. Tahir and Mohd. Zariat Abdul Rani, 2008. Gagasan Persuratan Baru: Pengenalan dan Penerapan. Bangi: Institut Alam dan Tamadun Melayu, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.

Raffel, Burton, 1993. The Voice of the Night: Complete Poetry and Prose of Chairil Anwar. Athens OH: Ohio University, Monographs in International Studies, Southeast Asia Series, No.89.

Santayana, George, 1905/1982. Reason in Religion. New York: Dover Publications.

Shahidullah Faridi, 1993. Inner Aspects of Faith. Kuala Lumpur: A. S. Noordeen.
Published
2014-12-01
How to Cite
AVELING, Harry. The Person and Religious Poetry in Malay. Malay Literature, [S.l.], v. 27, n. 2, p. 242-261, dec. 2014. ISSN 2682-8030. Available at: <https://jurnal.dbp.my/index.php/MalayLiterature/article/view/4347>. Date accessed: 24 feb. 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.37052/ml.27(2)no3.