The Horse in the Society of the Malay States before Independence

(Kuda dalam Masyarakat di Tanah Melayu pada Era Sebelum Merdeka)

  • Azharudin Mohamed Dali Universiti Malaya

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to analyze the connection between horses and the society in the pre- independence Malaya. The discussion will look at four main questions. The first question is to identify the origin of horses and whether horses are the native animals in the Malay Peninsular. Secondly, to analyze the role and position of horses in the Malay society before the coming of the Europeans. The final question is to examine the extent of changes in the role of horses in the society after the coming of the Europeans. In order to answer these questions, the article will look at the various cultural and historical aspects displaying the connection between the horses and the society. For example, the horse elements in the traditional Malay dance of 'Kuda Kepang'. Apart from that, horse also appear in a number of Malay pantun. According to historical writings, the role of horse became important in the Malay society since the era of the Malacca Sultanate in the 15thcentury. Since then, until the colonial period, the importance of horses was increasing. Horses became major mode of transport for colonial officials before the introduction of modern transports. For In the colonial era, horse racing was introduced as one of the interesting sports. In the beginning of its introduction, this sport was exclusively a social gathering for Europeans officials, Malay elites and Chiense businessmen. In the later years, horse racing has practically become one of ordinary sports activities for all. By using primary and secondary sources, the aim of this article is to chew over this subject.


Keywords: horse, Malaya, colonial period, horse racing, elite animal

Author Biography

Azharudin Mohamed Dali, Universiti Malaya

Jabatan Sejarah

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Published
2014-07-01
How to Cite
MOHAMED DALI, Azharudin. The Horse in the Society of the Malay States before Independence. Melayu: Jurnal Antarabangsa Dunia Melayu, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 2, p. 172-191, july 2014. ISSN 2682-8049. Available at: <https://jurnal.dbp.my/index.php/Melayu/article/view/4508>. Date accessed: 24 june 2024.