The Dynamism of Cultural Interaction: Application of Arabic Influence in Traditional Malay Medicine Manuscripts

  • Salmah Jan Noor Muhammad Universiti Putra Malaysia

Abstract

The influence of the Arab culture in Malay medicine reflects a dynamism of cultural interaction that has shaped the landscape of traditional Malay medicine. This process can be understood by looking at the trade between the Malay states and ports in the Arab lands. Arab culture has a significant impact on cosmology, terminology, therapy and pharmacology in Malay medicine. In other words, to date, elements of Arab-Islamic culture have been the major factor in the development of Malay medicine. This paper focuses on identifying and analysing the application of Arabic influence in traditional Malay medicine manuscripts as a dynamism of cultural interaction. The methodology for this study involves library research and text analysis, using selected traditional Malay medicine manuscripts as the main source. This study identifies three key aspects of Arab cultural interaction in Malay medicine, including the use of the Arab-Malay huruf, the selection of days and times, as well as the integration of Quranic verses in the medical context. It also seeks to provide a comprehensive understanding and become a source of reference for researchers in the field of traditional and modern medicine. The writing also seeks to provide insights of the importance of Arab-Islamic culture in the formation of Malay medical identity as well as to emphasise the positive impact of the assimilation process of Arab culture in strengthening the relationship between Malay and Arab cultures.

References

‘Arba’iyah Mohd Noor. (2011). Menyorot kepengarangan Misa Melayu. Dlm. Abdullah Zakaria Ghazali & Mohd Radzi Hj. Ahmad (Pnyt.). Perak: Warisan, budaya & sejarah. 220–244. Persatuan Muzium Malaysia.
Abdul Rashid Melebek & Amat Juhari Moain. (2005). Sejarah bahasa Melayu. Utusan Publications & Distributors Sdn. Bhd.
Abdul Razak Abdul Karim. (2003, 23-24 Ogos). Kitab perubatan Mujarrabat: Khasiat ayat-ayat al-Quran dan rawatan tradisional. [Seminar]. Seminar dan Pameran Perubatan Melayu, Akademi Pengajian Melayu, Kuala Lumpur.
Ali Abdullah al Difa. (2015). Kedudukan perubatan Arab di dunia barat: Suatu analisis sejarah dan kepakaran. Jurnal Ilmu Kefarmasian Indonesia, 13(2), 83–92.
Al-Bukhari, Muhammad ibn Ismail. Sahih al-Bukhari.t.t.
Al-Haytami, Aḥmad bin Muḥammad Ibn Ḥajar. (t.t). al-Fatāwā alFiqhiyyah al-Kubrā, Dār al-Fikr.
Amir al Najjar. (1987). Fi Tarikh al Tibb Fi al Daulah al Ilamiyyah. Dar al Ma’arif.
Asmiaty Abdul Samad & Fadila Azni Ahmad. (2018). Persamaan dan perbezaan konsep dan amalan perubatan tradisional Melayu dan Cina. Dlm. Darlina Mohd Naim, Zuraidah Mohd Yusoff, & Saad Othman. Perubatan tradisional aplikasi semasa, 37–56. Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia.
Awang Sariyan. (2005). Traditional Malay medicinal plants. Institut Terjemahan & Buku Malaysia.
Bustan al-Salatin MSS 3059, Koleksi Pepustakaan Negara.
Cod. Or. 1714 Kitab Tib, Koleksi Universiti Leiden.
Dardjowidjojo, S. (2007). Psikolinguistik: Memahami asas pemerolehan bahasa. PTS Profesional Publishing Sdn. Bhd.
Faisal @ Ahmad Faisal Abdul Hamid & Nurul Wahidah Fauzi. (2012). Perubatan Melayu tradisional: Kitab Tibb Pontianak. Jurnal Al-Tamaddun, 7(1), 149–162.
Haliza Mohd Riji. (2000). Prinsip dan amalan dalam perubatan Melayu. Penerbit Universiti Malaya.
Harun Mat Piah (2015). Ilmu perubatan Melayu Tradisional dari naskhah-naskhah lama. Jurnal Antarabangsa Alam dan Tamadun Melayu, 3(3), 3–17.
Harun Mat Piah. (2019). Kitab Tib: Ilmu perubatan Melayu. Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia.
Hashim Musa. (1997). Epigrafi Melayu: Sejarah sistem tulisan dalam bahasa Melayu. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.
Latifah Abdul Latif, Siti Nor Aazhani Mohd Tohar, Farah Laili Muda@Ismail & Anita Ismail. (2018). Sumbangan orang Arab terhadap perkembangan pendidikan madrasah atau sekolah Arab di Malaysia. Al-Hikmah, 10(2), 35–53.
Mohamad Fitri Mohamad Yusoff & Zaitul Azma Zainon Hamzah. (2014). Istilah Melayu dan Arab dalam wacana muamalat. Jurnal Bahasa, 14(1), 97–121.
Mohd Roslan Mohd Nor. (2018). Islamic-Arabesque: Carving the traditional Malay architecture. [Prosiding]. AIP Conference Proceedings. AIP Publishing LLC.
Muhammad Abdul Salam Syahin (Penyt.). (1971). Al-Fatawi Al-Haditsiyah. Dar al-Kutub alIlmiyah.
Muhammad Remy Othman, Sayidah Asma Basir, Khadher Ahmad, Khalijah Awang & Zulkifli Mohd Yusof. (2023). Perubatan Islam: Analisis perkembangan, kesan, dan permerkasaan di Malaysia. Journal of Islamic Social Sciences and Humanities, 28, 25–47.
MSS 1292 Kitab Tib, Koleksi Perpustakaan Negara.
MSS 2515 Kitab Tib, Koleksi Perpustakaan Negara.
MSS 489 Kitab Tib, Koleksi Perpustakaan Negara.
MSS 2219 Kitab Tib, Koleksi Perpustakaan Negara.
Nurdeng Deuraseh & Hayati Lateh. (2011). Rukyah (Jampi) dalam perubatan tradisional melayu sebagai rawatan penyakit,pencegahan, pendinding diri dan harta: Kehebatan dan sumbangan ilmuwan nusantara. Dlm. Azmul Fahimi Kamaruzaman, Ezad Azraai Jamsari, Ermy Azziaty Rozali, Farid Mat Zain, Hakim Zainal,Izziah Suryani Mat Resad @ Arshad, Maheram Ahmad, Md Nor Abdullah, Napisah Karimah Ismail & Zamri Arifin (Penyt.). Prosiding Nadwah Ulama Nusantara (NUN) IV: Ulama Pemacu Transformasi Negara. Jabatan Pengajian Arab dan Tamadun Islam, Fakulti Pengajian Islam, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor.
Parta Ibeng. (2018). Pengertian diagnosis, ciri, manfaat dan tahapan diagnosa. Pendidikan.co.id. https://pendidikan.co.id/pengertian-diagnosis/.
Roff, W. R. (1974). The origins of Malay medicine. Journal of Southeast Asian History, 15(2), 223–238.
Shellabear, W. (1901). The evolution of Malay spelling. Journal of the Straits Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 36, 75–135.
Zubaidah Sidek. (1994), Peranan jampi serapah dan doa-doa dalam perubatan tradisional: Satu kajian di Bachok, Kelantan. [Latihan Ilmiah]. Fakulti Usuluddin, Akademi Islam Universiti Malaya.
Published
2024-06-20
How to Cite
NOOR MUHAMMAD, Salmah Jan. The Dynamism of Cultural Interaction: Application of Arabic Influence in Traditional Malay Medicine Manuscripts. Malay Literature, [S.l.], v. 37, n. 1, p. 27-48, june 2024. ISSN 2682-8030. Available at: <https://jurnal.dbp.my/index.php/MalayLiterature/article/view/8853>. Date accessed: 24 july 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.37052/ml37(1)no2.