The Alchemy of Happiness in Noordin Hassan’s “Tonight, The Turtles Cry”

  • Aimillia Mohd Ramli International Islamic University Malaysia

Abstract

Current interest in the nature of happiness has made it a new focal point in the study of literature. While in the West it has been analysed in relation to the dramatic form of tragedy, there has been no corresponding research on it within the context of Islamic theatre. As the founder of teater fitrah, an Islamic brand of theatre, Noordin Hassan and his plays could prove to be fertile grounds from which the issue of happiness could be explored. Hence, this paper aims to discuss Noordin’s play, “Tonight, the Turtles Cry” (1994), from an Islamic conceptual framework for happiness as derived from two philosophers, al-Ghazali and al-Attas. Al-Ghazali’s The Alchemy of Happiness (1910) and Ihya’ ‘Ulum-id-Din (1982) as well as al-Attas’ “The Meaning and Experience of Happiness” (2014) provide the main theoretical texts from which this framework is taken. Elements of this framework consists of the following: knowing oneself, knowing Allah SWT, knowing this world, which includes ways on building and developing one’s relationship with one’s family and community, having an appreciation for nature and, finally, having a strong conviction in the hereafter. The analysis used is through close reading of the text. The findings of this paper show significant aspects of Noordin’s play as reflecting these components of happiness and showcasing values that are needed to sustain the wellbeing of a person.


Keywords: Happiness, Noordin Hassan, al-Ghazali, al-Attas, Islamic theatre


Abstrak


Makna kebahagiaan ialah tumpuan utama baharu dalam pengajian kesusasteraan. Walaupun di Barat hal ini telah dianalisis melalui hubungannya dengan tragedi, sebuah genre drama, belum ada lagi penyelidikan yang serupa, sepanjang yang diketahui, dalam konteks teater Islam. Sebagai pengasas teater fitrah, sebuah teater Islam, Noordin Hassan dan dramanya memberikan ruang yang cukup untuk menerokai isu kebahagiaan. Artikel ini bertujuan untuk membincangkan “Malam Ini Penyu Menangis” (1994), karya Noordin Hassan, berdasarkan kerangka konsep kebahagiaan Islam yang diperoleh daripada dua ahli falsafah, al-Ghazali dan al-Attas. The Alchemy of Happiness (1910) dan Ihya’ ‘Ulum-id-Din (1982) karya al-Ghazali serta “The Meaning and Experience of Happiness” (2014) karya al-Attas ialah teks teoretis utama kerangka kerja ini diambil. Unsur kerangka kebahagian ini terdiri daripada yang berikut: mengetahui diri sendiri, mengenali Allah SWT, mengenali dunia ini, termasuk cara-cara membina dan mengeratkan hubungan seseorang dengan keluarga dan masyarakat, serta menghargai alam semula jadi dan, yang terakhir, mempunyai keyakinan teguh mengenai wujudnya akhirat. Kaedah analisis yang digunakan adalah dengan mencermati karya sastera dengan teliti. Dapatan penelitian menunjukkan aspek penting dalam drama Noordin mencerminkan komponen kebahagiaan ini dan memperlihatkan nilai yang diperlukan untuk mengekalkan kesejahteraan seseorang insan.


Kata kunci: Kebahagiaan, Noordin Hassan, al-Ghazali, al-Attas, teater Islam 


REFERENCES


al-Attas, S.M.N. (2014). The Meaning and Experience of Happiness in Islam. Prolegomena to the Metaphysics of Islam. Johor Bharu, Malaysia: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Press.


al-Ghazali. (1982). Ihyā’ ‘Ulūm-id-Dīn (Vol. 2 and Vol. 4). (Maulana Fazul-Ul- Karim, Trans.). Lahore, Pakistan: Masud Sarwar Sind Sagar Academy Lahore.


al-Ghazali. (1910). The Alchemy of Happiness. (Claud Field, Trans.). Originally published as Kimiya el-Saadat.


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Mohd Bahadun, Trans.). Kuala Lumpur: Institute Terjemahan Negara Malaysia (ITBM).


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Solehah Ishak. (2005). Religion in Theater: Sacred and Profane in Staging Eastern Voices. National Arts Academy, pp. 49-82.

Published
2020-06-09
How to Cite
MOHD RAMLI, Aimillia. The Alchemy of Happiness in Noordin Hassan’s “Tonight, The Turtles Cry”. Malay Literature, [S.l.], v. 33, n. 1, p. 83-98, june 2020. ISSN 2682-8030. Available at: <http://jurnal.dbp.my/index.php/MalayLiterature/article/view/7927>. Date accessed: 01 dec. 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.37052/ml.33(1)no5.