The Clash of Rural and Urban Values in the Comic Books Budak Kampung and Mat Som

  • Wan Hasmah Wan Teh Universiti Sains Malaysia
  • Nurul Syazwani Mohd Dahlan Universiti Sains Malaysia

Abstract

Lat, whose real name is Mohammad Nor Khalid, is a distinguished and versatile figure among cartoonists in Malaysia. His comic books tend to record sociocultural issues in Malaysia and often show the realities of Malaysian life, especially that of the rural Malay community. Comics are not just reading material for entertainment but are also an important medium for conveying ideas, criticisms and insights as well as having the ability to expose various disparities in local communities. This paper will look into the clash of rural and urban values in two of Lat's comic books entitled Budak Kampung (1979) and Mat Som (1989). The objective of this paper is to analyse the clash of values between rural and urban communities and explain the use of comic elements in conveying meanings in both comics. This paper will use the theory of sociology of literature developed by Alan Swingewood (1972), which is a sociocultural approach to the production of literary works. The findings of this study show that Lat's childhood experiences influenced the creation of Budak Kampung, while his young adulthood experiences influenced the creation of Mat Som. The clash of rural and urban values are tremendously significant in both works, as depicted by the entry of tin mining companies, selling of land, choosing a spouse, clothing styles and way of thinking.


Keywords: comic, clash of values, sociocultural influence, Budak Kampung, Mat Som


Abstrak


Lat atau nama sebenarnya Mohammad Nor Khalid merupakan tokoh yang unggul dan serba boleh dalam kalangan kartunis di Malaysia. Karya komik beliau cenderung merakamkan isu berkaitan sosiobudaya masyarakat di Malaysia dan sering menampilkan kehidupan realiti rakyat Malaysia terutamanya masyarakat Melayu desa. Komik bukan sahaja bahan bacaan berbentuk hiburan tetapi juga merupakan medium penting untuk menyampaikan idea, kritikan, pandangan serta mampu mendedahkan pelbagai kepincangan dalam masyarakat setempat. Artikel ini ingin melihat pertembungan nilai desa dan kota dalam dua buah komik Lat bertajuk Budak Kampung (1979) dan Mat Som (1989). Objektif artikel ini adalah untuk menganalisis pertembungan nilai masyarakat desa dan kota serta menjelaskan penggunaan unsur komik dalam penyampaian makna dalam kedua-dua komik tersebut. Artikel ini akan menggunakan teori sosiologi sastera yang dikembangkan oleh Alan Swingewood (1972), iaitu pendekatan pengaruh sosiobudaya terhadap penghasilan karya sastera. Dapatan kajian mendapati pengalaman kehidupan Lat sewaktu kecil telah mempengaruhi penciptaan komik Budak Kampung dan pengalaman hidup Lat ketika zaman mudanya telah mempengaruhi penciptaan komik Mat Som. Di sebalik semua itu, pertembungan nilai desa dan kota dikesan begitu ketara melalui kemasukan syarikat bijih timah, penjualan tanah, pemilihan jodoh, pemikiran dan gaya pakaian dalam kedua-dua karya tersebut.


Kata kunci: komik, pertembungan nilai, sosiobudaya, Budak Kampung, Mat Som

Published
2020-12-01
How to Cite
WAN TEH, Wan Hasmah; MOHD DAHLAN, Nurul Syazwani. The Clash of Rural and Urban Values in the Comic Books Budak Kampung and Mat Som. Malay Literature, [S.l.], v. 33, n. 2, p. 212-242, dec. 2020. ISSN 2682-8030. Available at: <http://jurnal.dbp.my/index.php/MalayLiterature/article/view/8036>. Date accessed: 22 apr. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.37052/ml33(2)No4.