Displaying of Emotional Kinesics Elements as Non-Verbal Communication by Characters in Hikayat Putera Jayapati and Hikayat Si Miskin

(Pemaparan Elemen Emosi Berbentuk Kinesik sebagai Komunikasi Bukan Lisan Watak dalam Hikayat Putera Jayapati dan Hikayat Si Miskin)

  • Nadiatul Shakinah Abdul Rahman Universiti Utara Malaysia

Abstract

Humans communicate by using verbal mediums such as speech and writing. The purpose of communication is to spread the information, thoughts, feelings and an individual's emotions. Communication is vitally important in human life because without communication, we as human beings are unable to exchange or share views, information, thoughts, feelings and emotions. It is for this reason that humans communicate with each other. Communication is divided into two forms namely, verbal or non-verbal. Verbal communication is oral, while non-verbal communication includes written language, sign language, drawings, kinesics, chronemics, paralinguistics and proxemics. In the context of this study, the display of emotional elements in Malay manuscripts is a form of human communication through the characters in these manuscripts. Because of that, this study will focus on the display of emotional elements in the form of kinesics as the non-verbal communication of characters in old Malay manuscripts. This study employs the data analysis method, in analysing the content of old Malay manuscripts such as Hikayat Putera Jayapati and Hikayat Si Miskin. Other than that, this study will use Arnold-Ellis's Cognitive Theory to strengthen the argument of the study. The results of the study found that between the emotional kinesics elements are eye gestures, facial expressions, touch, limb movements and out-of-control behaviours. Thus, this study proves that humans communicate with each other through the expressions of emotions and behaviours as displayed by the characters featured in the Malay manuscripts.


Keywords: Non-verbal, emotions, kinesics, communication, Malay manuscripts

Author Biography

Nadiatul Shakinah Abdul Rahman, Universiti Utara Malaysia
Pusat Pengajian Bahasa, Tamadun dan Falsafah, Universiti Utara Malaysia

References

Abdul Mua'ti @ Zamri Ahmad. (2016). Psikologi dalam Komunikasi. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.

Abu Bakar Hamid. (2016). Hikayat Si Miskin. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.

Afidatul Syazwani Afandi, Norazimah Zakaria & Abdul Halim Ali. (2020). Magis dan Aspek Kelegaan Jiwa Berdasarkan Perspektif Emosi Hiran dalam Hikayat Marakarmah. Jurnal Peradaban Melayu, 15, 10-21. https://doi.org/10.37134/peradaban.vol15.2.2020

al-Awaisyah, Syeikh Husain. (2009). Menangis Kerana Takut Kepada Allah. Terj. Ummu Abdillah al-Buthoniyah. Maktabah Raudhah al-Muhibbin (e-book). http://www.raudhatulmuhibbin.org

Ali Ahmad dan Siti Hajar Che Man. (2005). Emosi di dalam Karya Bercorak Islam. Dlm. Hashim Awang (Ed.) et. al., Emosi Melayu (pp. 22-35). Kuala Lumpur: Akademi Pengajian Melayu, Universiti Malaya.

Azlina Kamaruddin. (2015). Komunikasi dan Seni Pemujukan. Sintok: Penerbit Universiti Utara Malaysia.

Chen N. F. dan Mawar Safei. (2017). Cinta: Komunikasi Emosi Wanita dalam Novel China dan Melayu. Jurnal Melayu. Isu Khas, 334-353.

Goleman, D. (2006). Emotional Intelligence. New York. Bantam Dell.

Intan Putri. (2018). Komunikasi Non Verbal (Makna Kinesik) Pesulap dalam Pertunjukan Sulap Mata. Syi'ar. 18(1), 56-73.

Ismail Yusoff. (2008). Kesusateraan Melayu Lama dan Baru. Sintok: Penerbit Universiti Utara Malaysia.

Johnson-Laird, P. N. dan Oatley, K. (2010). Emotions, Music and Literature. Dlm. Lewis, M. (Ed.) et. al. Handbook of Emotions. New York: The Guiford Press.

M. Darwis Hude. (2006). Emosi: Penjelajahan Religio-Psikologis Tentang Emosi Manusia di dalam Al-Quran. Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga.

Mahmood Nazar Mohamed. (2018). Pengantar Psikologi. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.

Maznida Mahadi & Tengku Intan Marlina Tengku Mohd Ali. (2018). Perbandingan Dominasi Bentuk Emosi Lelaki dalam Novel Penyeberang Sempadan dengan Kafka on the Shore. Jurnal Pengajian Melayu. 29(1), 30-50.

Meydian Effendy dan Endang Sri Indrawati. (2018). Hubungan Antara Empati dengan Perilaku Agresif pada Suporters Sepakbola Panser Biru Banyumanik Semarang. Jurnal Empati. 7(3),140-150.

Mohd Baharudin Othman & Mohd Khairie Ahmad. (2015). Pengantar Komunikasi. Sintok: Penerbit Universiti Utara Malaysia.

Noor Afzaliza Nazira Ibrahim, Maizatul Haizan Mahbob & Abdul Latiff Ahmad. (2018). Kepentingan Komunikasi Non Verbal dalam Organisasi. E-Bangi Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities. 15(5), 107-116.

Normaliza Abd Rahim, Siti Nur Aliaa Roslan dan Nur Maisarah Roslan. (2017). Konflik Emosi dalam Lirik Lagu 'Nipah oh Nipah.' Mahawangsa. 4(1), 89-98.

Nurul Afifah Adila Mohd Salleh dan Normaliza Abd Rahim. (2016). The Expression of Emotion in Selected Modern Poems. Malay Literature. 29(2), 250-267.

Oatley, K. (2006). Understanding Emotion. United Kingdom: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Othman Yatim dan Abd. Aziz Rashid. (2005). Peranan Emosi dalam Pengkaryaan Hasil Seni. Dlm. Hashim Awang (Ed.) et. al., Emosi Melayu (pp. 388-393).Kuala Lumpur: Akademi Pengajian Melayu, Universiti Malaya.

Rachmat Djoko Pradopo. (2000). Pengkajian Puisi Analisis Strata Norma dan Analisis Struktural Semiotik. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Ramli Hassan. (1990). Pengantar Psikiatri. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.

Reeve, J. (2009). Understanding Motivation and Emotion. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons. Inc.

Rozaimah Rashidin & Nor Hashimah Jalaluddin. (2015). Metafora Konsepsi Marah dalam Data Korpus Teks Tradisional Melayu. Seminar Linguistik Kebangsaan (SLiK2015). Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.

Salmah Jan Noor Muhammad. (2018). Interpersonal Communication as a Solution for Resolving Diplomatic Conflicts in the Malay Sultanates. Malay Literature. 31(1), 47-68.

Sohaimi Abdul Aziz. (2012). Duka Sebagai Satu Ekspresi Sastera: Estetika Syair-syair Terpilih. Dlm. Muhammad Haji Salleh (Ed.) Pandangan Dunia Melayu Pancaran Sastera (pp. 138-175). Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.

Wahyunah Abd. Gani. (2004). Hikayat Putera Jayapati. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.

Wan Rose Eliza Abd. Rahman, Noor Shakirah Mat Akhir dan Syed Muhammad Azhan Syed Hassan. (2005). Penggunaan Ironi dan Kaitannya dengan Malu Orang Melayu Mengikut Perspektif Islam. Dlm. Hashim Awang (Ed.) et. al., Emosi Melayu (pp. 514-526). Kuala Lumpur: Akademi Pengajian Melayu, Universiti Malaya.
Published
2021-06-03
How to Cite
ABDUL RAHMAN, Nadiatul Shakinah. Displaying of Emotional Kinesics Elements as Non-Verbal Communication by Characters in Hikayat Putera Jayapati and Hikayat Si Miskin. Malay Literature, [S.l.], v. 34, n. 1, p. 43-68, june 2021. ISSN 2682-8030. Available at: <http://jurnal.dbp.my/index.php/MalayLiterature/article/view/8119>. Date accessed: 24 sep. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.37052/ml34(1)no3.