Kedudukan Tanah dan Sumber Hasil menurut Perlembagaan Persekutuan Malaysia

  • Nor Asiah binti Mohamad Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws, IIUM

Abstract

Kedudukan tanah dalam Perlembagaan Malaysia dapat dijadikan penanda aras kedudukan sebenar bidang kuasa antara negeri dengan persekutuan. Pernyataan jelas tentang kuasa negeri terhadap tanah dan hasil mahsulnya dilihat dapat menjamin kuasa negeri berkaitan tanah. Walau bagaimanapun, Parlimen juga dibenarkan menggubal undang-undang antara lain bagi memastikan penyeragaman undang-undang antara negeri di Malaysia seperti Kanun Tanah Negara 1965. Makalah ini mengkaji kuasa yang diberikan kepada negeri dan persekutuan dalam mentadbir tanah dan hasil mahsulnya serta cabaran yang dihadapi. Antara cabarannya ialah sesetengah pihak melihat kuasa ngeri terhadap tanah semakin terhakis. Cubaan negeri membelakangi keputusan Majlis Tanah Negara dalam beberapa kes yang melibatkan polisi tanah merupakan satu tanda ketidakpuasan sesetengah negeri dalam hal ini. Selain merujuk peruntukan undang-undang, kajian ini juga merujuk data sekunder yang berkaitan. Kajian menunjukkan walaupun negeri mempunyai tanah dan hasil mahsulnya, tetapi kekangan undang-undang dan masalah kewangan menjadi halangan pihak negeri untuk memaksimumkan sumber hasil yang ada. Penilaian semula polisi kewangan dan memperbaik kekurangan undang-undang akan mampu membantu negeri menambah ekonomi mereka.


Kata kunci: tanah, Kanun Tanah Negara, , Perlembagaan Persekutuan, air, cukai, wakaf Pihak Berkuasa Negeri, Pihak Berkuasa Tempatan, Majlis Tanah Negara


Abstract


The position of land in the Federal Constitution benchmarks the jurisdiction of the States and the Federal relating to land. The existence of a clear provision for that purpose guarantees States full authority over land and anything becomes part of land, unless provided otherwise. Nevertheless, Parliament can enact laws for the purpose of uniformity of the law. The National Land Code 1965 is one such example. This article examines the extent of State and Federal jurisdictions over land matters and the ensuing challenges.  One of the challenges relates to the perception that the power of the State is being encroached. Hence several states have instituted policies that are clearly against the spirit of the decision of the National Land Council as an act of protest. Apart from a keen perusal of the legal provisions, this study has also referred to other secondary data. The findings revealed that even though some States may have land and other resources, the lack of capital and constraints in the law have resulted in less than optimum utilisation of resources. . There is a thus a need to review the policy on finance and law in order to help States improve their economic activities so as to increase their income.


Keywords: land, Federal Constitution, National Land Code 1965, water, tax, waqf, State Authority, local authority, National Land Council


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Author Biography

Nor Asiah binti Mohamad, Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws, IIUM

Assoc. Prof. To' Puan Dr. Nor Asiah Mohamad

Published
2013-06-01
How to Cite
MOHAMAD, Nor Asiah binti. Kedudukan Tanah dan Sumber Hasil menurut Perlembagaan Persekutuan Malaysia. Kanun: Jurnal Undang-undang Malaysia, [S.l.], v. 25, n. 1, p. 22-42, june 2013. ISSN 2682-8057. Available at: <http://jurnal.dbp.my/index.php/Kanun/article/view/7991>. Date accessed: 01 dec. 2020.