Hak Penentuan Nasib Sendiri Orang Asal: Kajian Kes Orang Asli di Kampung Sungai Bumbun, Pulau Carey

  • Rohaida Nordin Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Muhamad Sayuti Hassan @ Yahya
  • Thiyagu a/l Ganesan
  • Azizah Ahmad
  • Rashini a/p Balakrishnan

Abstract

Kedudukan orang asal pada peringkat antarabangsa kini telah mendapat pengiktirafan di bawah undang-undang dengan lulusnya sebuah Deklarasi khusus untuk mereka, iaitu Deklarasi Pertubuhan Bangsa-bangsa Bersatu (PBB) mengenai Hak terhadap Orang asal (Deklarasi 2007) pada 13 September 2007 oleh Perhimpunan Agung PBB. Namun begitu, hak penentuan nasib sendiri atau “self-determination” masih menjadi pertelagahan khususnya bagi negara berkuasa besar. Oleh yang demikian, makalah ini akan meninjau status hak penentuan nasib sendiri secara khusus di sebuah penempatan orang asli, suku kaum Mah Meri di Kampung Sungai Bumbun, Pulau Carey. Kajian ini telah mendedahkan bahawa penduduk orang asli di sini mempunyai beberapa kekangan untuk mempraktikkan hak penentuan nasib sendiri ini dengan sempurna. Selain peruntukan undang-undang dan kewujudan agensi kebajikan orang asli ini, sikap penduduk orang asli di kampung itu sendiri yang gagal untuk menggunakan peluang sebaiknya menyebabkan taraf kehidupan mereka masih berada pada tahap yang rendah. Oleh itu, makalah ini mencadangkan agar penduduk orang asli di Kampung Sungai Bumbun ini perlu diberi kebebasan untuk membuat keputusan sendiri manakala agensi lain berperanan membantu menaikkan taraf kehidupan mereka tanpa mengganggu cara hidup tradisional mereka.


Kata kunci: Orang Asal, orang asli, Hak Penentuan Nasib Sendiri, Undang-undang antarabangsa


Abstract


The indigenous peoples had received the most significant development within international law when their rights have been recognized under the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in 2007. However, the scope of the right to self-determination is still unresolved. This article aims to analyse the status of self-determination of the Mah Meri, an indigenous group in Kampung Sungai Bumbun, Pulau Carey. This study reveals that the Mah Meri face constraints to practice self-determination. Despite existing legal provisions and an agency dedicated to their welfare, the lackadaisical attitude of this group to improve on their standard of living, has resulted in their current backwardness. Thus, this article proposes that the indigenous peoples, particularly in Kampung Sungai Bumbun should be given the freedom to make decide on their way of life, with the state agency acting as a care taker without interfering into their traditional way of life.


Keywords: Indigenous peoples, orang asli, aboriginal peoples, selfdetermination, international laws


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Published
2020-04-23
How to Cite
NORDIN, Rohaida et al. Hak Penentuan Nasib Sendiri Orang Asal: Kajian Kes Orang Asli di Kampung Sungai Bumbun, Pulau Carey. Kanun: Jurnal Undang-undang Malaysia, [S.l.], v. 25, n. 1, p. 43-65, apr. 2020. ISSN 2682-8057. Available at: <http://jurnal.dbp.my/index.php/Kanun/article/view/7992>. Date accessed: 01 dec. 2020.