Analisis Makna Konteks Nilai Moral Konfusianisme Ren dan Yi dalam Karya Terjemahan Hikayat Tiga Negara

  • Jiu Bell Oo Universiti Sains Malaysia
  • Sang Seong Goh

Abstract

Artikel ini bertujuan meneliti makna konteks nilai kemoralan Konfusianisme “仁ˮ (ren) dan “义ˮ (yi) konteks situasi dalam novel kesusasteraan karya terjemahan Hikayat Tiga Negara. Konteks situasi dalam teks kesusasteraan merupakan episod yang mengisahkan sesuatu peristiwa. Pengolahan hikayat ini pula bertemakan nilai “仁ˮ (ren) atau “义ˮ (yi) berserta dengan deskripsi nilai yang terpapar pada amalan, pegangan dan tingkah laku watak-watak dalam konteks situasi. Kajian lepas menunjukkan bahawa pentafsiran makna nilai kemoralan Konfusianisme berdasarkan konteks ayat bagi menyampaikan makna konteksnya secara umum. Masalah lain ialah pentafsiran makna konteks nilai secara subjektif berdasarkan tujuan dan konteks budaya penterjemah. Bagi mengisi jurang kajian makna nilai yang terhad pada konteks ayat dan pentafsiran secara subjektif, kajian ini memfokuskan pentafsiran makna konteks nilai berdasarkan makna asalnya dalam konteks situasi. Kajian memanfaatkan kaedah analisis makna konteks berdasarkan sistem sinkronik Peng Liyuan (2005) bagi mentafsirkan makna konteks “仁ˮ  (ren) atau “义ˮ (yi). Dengan mengklasifikasikan konteks situasi kepada konteks umum, konteks khusus dan konteks ekstralinguistik, makna konteks yang dirujuk dapat dikenal pasti. Hasil kajian mendapati bahawa makna konteks “仁ˮ  (ren) terbahagi kepada makna umum, makna khusus dan makna ekstralinguistik, manakala makna konteks “义ˮ (yi) pula terbahagi kepada makna umum, makna khusus, makna tema dan makna berasaskan hubungan interpersonal berdasarkan klasifikasi konteks situasi. Selain itu, interaksi antara konteks situasi intralinguistik dan ekstralinguistik juga mempengaruhi pentafsiran makna konteks nilai. Kajian ini memaparkan kepentingan makna konteks wacana dalam merekayasa nilai kemoralan Konfusianisme dalam konteks situasi karya terjemahan Hikayat Tiga Negara.


Kata kunci: nilai kemoralan Konfusianisme, konteks situasi, makna konteks, pentafsiran, sinkronik


Abstract


This paper aims at investigating the contextual meaning of the Confucian moral values of “仁ˮ (ren) and “义ˮ (yi) in the situational contexts of Hikayat Tiga Negara. The situational context in a literary text is the episode that describes an event. This story centres on the themes of the values “仁ˮ (ren) and “义ˮ (yi), together with the descriptions of these values through the practices, beliefs and behaviour of characters in the situational contexts. Previous studies have shown that the interpretation of the contextual meaning of Confucian moral values is based on the sentential contexts to convey the general contextual meaning. The other problem is the subjective interpretation of the contextual meaning of the values, based on the motives and cultural contexts of the translators. In order to fill the gap in the studies on the interpretation of the meaning of values, which is confined to sentential contexts and subjective interpretation, this study focuses on the interpretation of the contextual meaning of the values based on their original meaning in the situational contexts. The research employs the method of synchronic system-based contextual meaning analysis to interpret the synchronic contextual meaning of “仁ˮ (ren) and “义ˮ (yi). By classifying the situational contexts into general context, distinctive context and extralinguistic context, the particular contextual meaning can be identified. The findings reveal that the contextual meanings of  “仁ˮ (ren) are divided into general meaning, specific meaning and extralinguistic meaning, while the contextual meanings of  “义ˮ (yi) are divided into general meaning, specific meaning, thematic meaning and interpersonal relationship-based meaning upon the classification of situational contexts. Besides this, the interaction between the intralinguistic and extralinguistic situational contexts also affects the interpretation of the contextual meaning of the values. This study presents the importance of discourse context to meaning in recreating Confucian moral values in the situational contexts ofHikayat Tiga Negara.


Keywords: Confucian moral values, situational context, contextual meaning, interpretation, synchronic

Published
2020-12-04
How to Cite
OO, Jiu Bell; GOH, Sang Seong. Analisis Makna Konteks Nilai Moral Konfusianisme Ren dan Yi dalam Karya Terjemahan Hikayat Tiga Negara. Jurnal Bahasa, [S.l.], v. 20, n. 2, p. 317-346, dec. 2020. ISSN 2462-1889. Available at: <http://jurnal.dbp.my/index.php/jurnalbahasa/article/view/6850>. Date accessed: 28 jan. 2021.