Pelaksanaan Sistem Tribunal di Malaysia: Ke Arah Penambahbaikan

  • Fariza Romli Universiti Utara Malaysia
  • Harlida Abdul Wahab Universiti Utara Malaysia

Abstract

Kewujudan sistem tribunal, selain dapat membantu melicinkan sistem pentadbiran, dianggap berkongsi kuasa dengan badan kehakiman dalam membuat keputusan. Maka,timbul persoalan tentang kuasa membuat keputusan ini bagi mengelakkannya disalah guna oleh badan pentadbiran. Selaras dengan Matlamat Pembangunan Mampan 2030 bagi menjamin keadilan dalam usaha menyokong institusi yang efektif, bertanggungjawab serta inklusif, amalan serta keputusan yang telus dan adil amat penting bagi menjamin keyakinan rakyat terhadap badan pentadbiran dan kerajaan. Oleh itu, artikel ini membincangkan sistem tribunal dan pelaksanaannya di Malaysia. Dalam mengamati perkara ini, sistem tribunal yang wujud di negara lain, khususnya United Kingdom, turut dibincangkan dan dijadikan panduan bagi tujuan penambahbaikan. Masalah seperti autonomi atau kawalan kuasa dan proses perbicaraan merupakan antara isu yang diketengahkan. Sehubungan itu, saranan penambahbaikan dengan mematuhi tiga prinsip asas yakni keterbukaan, keadilan dan kesaksamaan, dicadangkan agar dapat memantapkan lagi pelaksanaan sistem tribunal sedia ada selaras dengan perkembangannya di luar negara.


Kata kunci: Tribunal, badan pentadbiran, kawalan kuasa, Malaysia, perundangan, membuat keputusan


 


Abstract


The existence of a tribunal system, in addition to helping to smooth the administration system, is considered as sharing power with the judiciary in making decisions. Thus arose the question of decision-making power and prevention of abuse by the administrative body. In line with the sustainable development goals 2030 to ensure justice in support of effective, responsible and inclusive institutions, transparent and fair practices are essential for ensuring people’s trust in the administrative body and government. This paper, therefore, discusses the tribunal system and its implementation in malaysia. In view of this, tribunal systems that exist in other countries, especially the united kingdom, are also examined as models for improvement. Matters such as autonomy or control of power and the trial process are among the issues raised. Recommendations for improvement are proposed based on three basic principles—openness, fairness and impartiality—to further strengthen the implementation of the existing tribunal system in line with developments abroad.


Keywords: Tribunal, administrative body, authority, Malaysia, legislature, decision-making


 


 


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Author Biographies

Fariza Romli, Universiti Utara Malaysia

Pensyarah Kanan,

Pusat Pengajian Undang-undang,

Kolej Undang-Undang, Kerajaan & Pengajian Antarabangsa.

Harlida Abdul Wahab, Universiti Utara Malaysia

Profesor Madya,

Pusat Pengajian Undang-undang,

Kolej Undang-Undang, Kerajaan & Pengajian Antarabangsa.

Published
2020-07-02
How to Cite
ROMLI, Fariza; ABDUL WAHAB, Harlida. Pelaksanaan Sistem Tribunal di Malaysia: Ke Arah Penambahbaikan. Kanun: Jurnal Undang-undang Malaysia, [S.l.], v. 32, n. 2, p. 223-242, july 2020. ISSN 2682-8057. Available at: <http://jurnal.dbp.my/index.php/Kanun/article/view/6914>. Date accessed: 01 dec. 2020.