Pengurusan Perkahwinan Masyarakat Rohingya di Malaysia Menurut Perspektif Undang-Undang dan Syariah

  • Zulfaqar Mamat Fakulti Undang-Undang dan Syariah, USIM
  • Rodziana Mohamed Razali Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia

Abstract

Kekurangan kerangka dasar dan peraturan bagi mengurus tadbir dan mengiktiraf insitusi perkahwinan khususnya dalam kalangan pelarian Rohingya di Malaysia menimbulkan pelbagai kesan perundangan dan sosial, ketidakpatuhan hukum syariah dan kesulitan dalam proses penempatan semula pelarian ke negara ketiga. Kajian ini bertujuan membincangkan isu dan permasalahan ini serta kesannya dari sudut undang-undang sivil dan syariah terhadap masyarakat Rohingya di Malaysia. Kajian ini menggunakan metodologi kualitatif melalui kaedah kajian kepustakaan dan temu bual separa berstruktur terhadap beberapa responden kajian yang dipilih secara bertujuan daripada Jabatan Agama Islam Selangor, Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur dan Negeri Sembilan. Negeri-negeri ini dipilih berdasarkan persekitaran sosioekonomi dan peluang pekerjaan yang lebih baik sekali gus menjadi tumpuan pendatang asing dan pelarian dari pelbagai negara. Kajian mendapati status pelarian yang tidak diiktiraf menyebabkan perkahwinan pelarian Rohingya sukar didaftarkan di negara ini. Selain itu, kuasa autonomi setiap negeri dalam penetapan dasar, perundangan dan garis panduan berhubung isu pendaftaran perkahwinan dan perceraian masyarakat pelarian Islam di Malaysia menyebabkan timbul perbezaan dalam kaedah pengurusan perkahwinan tersebut. Suatu bentuk garis panduan yang selaras dan terperinci wajar dimuktamadkan antara negeri dan agensi kerajaan yang berkaitan agar perkahwinan pelarian Muslim di negara ini, termasuklah pelarian Rohingya, dapat dikawal urus secara lebih teratur agar hak pelarian dan perundangan Islam dapat dipelihara.


 


Kata kunci: Identiti, kelahiran, pelarian, perkahwinan, Rohingya, UNHCR


Abstract


A lack of policy and regulatory frameworks to administer and recognize marriage institutions especially among Rohingya refugees in Malaysia gives rise to various legal and social implications, non-compliance with Sharia law, as well as complications in the process of refugee resettlement to third countries. This research aims to discuss this issue including its repercussions from the legal and Sharia perspectives in Malaysia. It employs a qualitative methodology using library research and semi-structured interviews based on the purposive sampling technique with a number of respondents from the Islamic Religious Departments of Selangor, Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur and Negeri Sembilan. These three states were selected taking into consideration their socio-economic conditions and employment opportunities, which serve as attractive destinations for migrants and refugees from various countries. This study reveals that the unrecognized legal status of refugees complicates the registration of Rohingya marriages in this country. Additionally, state autonomy in setting out the policies, laws and guidelines on the registration of marriages and divorces of Muslim refugees in Malaysia creates divergence in the management of their marriages. A streamlined and detailed set of guidelines should be finalized between the states and the relevant federal agencies so that marriages among Muslim refugees, including the Rohingya, can be better regulated, culminating in preservation of their rights and of Islamic law.


Keywords: Birth registration, Islamic Religious Department, legal identity, marriage, refugees, Rohingya, UNHCR


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Published
2020-07-02
How to Cite
MAMAT, Zulfaqar; MOHAMED RAZALI, Rodziana. Pengurusan Perkahwinan Masyarakat Rohingya di Malaysia Menurut Perspektif Undang-Undang dan Syariah. Kanun: Jurnal Undang-undang Malaysia, [S.l.], v. 32, n. 2, p. 243-274, july 2020. ISSN 2682-8057. Available at: <http://jurnal.dbp.my/index.php/Kanun/article/view/7091>. Date accessed: 22 sep. 2020.