Motivasi Rumus Salin dalam Penjanaan Ayat Tanya Bahasa Melayu dalam Program Minimalis

  • Norsofiah Abu Bakar Universiti Sains Malaysia

Abstract

Dalam teori terdahulu sebelum Program Minimalis, iaitu teori Kuasaan dan Tambatan, dan Prinsip dan Parameter variasi ayat dijana oleh Gerak-α yang menggerakkan sesuatu konstituen ke mana-mana sahaja dengan meninggalkan tikas. Tikas ini berada dalam satu rantaian yang sama dengan unsur anteseden/operator yang telah digerakkan. Dalam Program Minimalis yang dirangka secara eklektik daripada idea Chomsky (1995), Marantz (1995) dan Radford (2009). Gerak-α telah digugurkan. Sebaliknya penjanaan ayat dan variasinya dijana melalui operasi rumus salin. Kajian ini menganalisis motivasi rumus salin dalam penjanaan ayat tanya wh- dan ayat ya-tidak bahasa Melayu. Kajian ini menggunakan kaedah kualitatif dan data kajian diperoleh melalui introspeksi. Data tersebut kemudiannya dirujuk kepada dua orang informan penutur jati bahasa Melayu untuk mengesahkan penerimaan atau penolakannya. Dapatan kajian ini mendapati bahawa fitur [+/-wh] dan fitur-fitur tepian; yakni [+/-komp], [+/-wh] [+/-fokus], dan [+/-in situ] merupakan fitur yang menjadi pemangkin atau penghalang dalam menjana ayat tanya wh- dan ya-tidak bahasa Melayu dan variasinya.


Kata kunci: Program Minimalis, rumus salin, fitur, ayat tanya wh-, ayat tanya ya-tidak


Abstract


Previous theories prior to the Minimalist Program, such as the Government Binding Theory (Chomsky, 1981) and Principles and Parameters, the variation of sentence structures are explicated via the rule move-α, whereby it moves any constituents to any position in a sentence and leaves behind a trace (t) in its antecedent/operator-trace chain. Within the Minimalist Program approach, which was eclectically derived from the ideas in Chomsky (1995), Marantz (1995) and Radford (2009), the rule move-α has been dropped. Sentence generation and sentence varieties are generated via copying rules instead. This study analyses the motivations that support copying rules in the generation of wh-questions and yes-no questions. This study employs the qualitative method and the data for this study was collected through native speakers’ introspection. Subsequently, the data were referred to two informants who are native speakers of standard Malay to determine their grammaticality. This study finds that feature [+/-wh] and the edge feature; namely [+comp], [+/-wh], [+/-focus],] and [+/-in situ] are features that motivated or were barriersto the generation of wh- and yes-no questions and their varieties in the Malay language.


Keywords: Minimalist Program, copying rules, features, wh- questions, yes-no questions


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Published
2020-06-05
How to Cite
ABU BAKAR, Norsofiah. Motivasi Rumus Salin dalam Penjanaan Ayat Tanya Bahasa Melayu dalam Program Minimalis. Jurnal Bahasa, [S.l.], v. 20, n. 1, p. 109-130, june 2020. ISSN 2462-1889. Available at: <http://jurnal.dbp.my/index.php/jurnalbahasa/article/view/7449>. Date accessed: 09 july 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.37052/jb.20(1)no5.