Peristilahan Bahasa Melayu dalam Akta Kesalahan Seksual terhadap Kanak-Kanak 2017 (Akta 792)

  • AMIRAH AHMAD AKADEMI PENGAJIAN BAHASA, UiTM SHAH ALAM
  • MAZLINA MOHAMAD MANGSOR FAKULTI UNDANG-UNDANG, UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA
  • NORIZAH ARDI AKADEMI PENGAJIAN BAHASA, UiTM SHAH ALAM
  • AZHAR AB. WAHAB

Abstract

Akta Kesalahan Seksual terhadap Kanak-kanak (Akta 792) telah


diluluskan pada April 2017 dan mula berkuat kuasa pada 10 Julai 2017.


Akta ini dirangka bersesuaian dengan kecanggihan teknologi terkini


dan memperkenalkan istilah baharu bagi kesalahan seksual yang


berkaitan dengan pengantunan kanak-kanak dan masokis. Beberapa


istilah baharu ini adalah asing kepada masyarakat Malaysia dan


berkemungkinan makna istilah tersebut tidak difahami sepenuhnya


oleh pengamal undang-undang. Oleh itu, artikel ini bertujuan untuk


menganalisis peristilahan baharu tersebut dari perspektif makna istilah


berkenaan. Kaedah deskriptif menerusi pendekatan analisis kandungan


diaplikasikan bagi meneliti dan membincangkan makna istilah baharu


yang terdapat dalam Akta 792. Huraian istilah baharu dibincangkan


dari aspek undang-undang dengan merujuk beberapa Akta termasuk


Kanun Keseksaan 1976, manakala dari aspek bahasa merujuk Pedoman


Umum Pembentukan Istilah Bahasa Melayu (2004). Hasil kajian ini


dirumuskan bahawa terdapat lima istilah baharu yang memerlukan


hujahan dari sudut bahasa dan undang-undang untuk perlindungan


kepada kanak-kanak dalam jenayah seksual dan pedofilia, iaitu istilah


kebinatangan, sadis, masokis, pengantunan, dan amang.


 


Kata kunci: Akta 792, peristilahan, aspek bahasa, aspek undangundang,


jenayah seksual terhadap kanak-kanak


 


Abstract


 


Akta The Sexual Offences Against Children Act (Act 792) was passed in


April 2017 and gazetted on 10 July, 2017. Act 792 was drafted to deal


with technological advancements, and new terms for sexual offences


relating to child grooming and masochistic abuse were introduced.


Some of these terms are new to Malaysians and the meaning of those


terms may not be fully understood by legal practitioners. Hence, the


purpose of this study is to analyse these new terms from the perspective


of semantics. A descriptive methodemploying the content analysis


approach was applied to examine and discuss the meanings of the new


terms used in Act 792. The new terms are elaborated on from a legal


perspective with reference to several Acts, including the Penal Code


1976, and the Pedoman Umum Pembentukan Istilah Bahasa Melayu


(2004) is used as the main reference for elaboration from a language


point of view. This study concludes that there are five new terms which


require elaborationfrom a linguistic and legal angle in order to protect


children in sexual and pedophilic crimes. These are: ‘kebinatangan’


(bestiality); ‘sadis’ and ‘masokis’(sadistic or masochistic abuse);


‘pengantunan’ (child grooming); and ‘amang’ (assault).


 


Keywords: Act 792, terminology, language aspect, legal language,


sexual offences against children


 


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Published
2020-06-05
How to Cite
AHMAD, AMIRAH et al. Peristilahan Bahasa Melayu dalam Akta Kesalahan Seksual terhadap Kanak-Kanak 2017 (Akta 792). Jurnal Bahasa, [S.l.], v. 20, n. 1, p. 151-172, june 2020. ISSN 2462-1889. Available at: <http://jurnal.dbp.my/index.php/jurnalbahasa/article/view/7877>. Date accessed: 28 nov. 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.37052/jb.20(1)no7.